Friday, November 23, 2012

PMP EXAM TIPS- Windows Calculator

As you prepare for your PMP Exam, you should know that there are many PMPExam formulas that you will be expected to know. Among them are Earned Value, PERT, communications channel and about 40 others you must have memorized.

Since these formulas must be in your head, you will not be allowed to bring your own personal calculator into the exam room with you because it could have some of the formulas saved with it.

However, some of the calculations you will be required to complete are likely to be complex enough that they will require the use of a calculator. So during the exam you will have to use the Microsoft Windows-based calculator.

It’s important for you to be prepared for all facets of your PMP Exam, and being comfortable with the Windows calculator should be included in your preparation.

That’s why after learning that they will not be allowed to bring their own calculator into the exam room, most people simply stop using their hand-held calculators and fire up the Windows calculator every time they are faced with a formula in a sample question. I recommend that you do the same.

And here is my most surprising recommendation: use the calculator for every single calculation you have to make: 100 divided by 2? Use the calculator. 3 times 10? Use the calculator.

The reason for this is simple: Taking an exam is stressful and it’s easy to make a silly mistake in your head. And we don’t want 100 divided by 2 to suddenly to be 200. So use the calculator.

Passing your PMP Exam is too important to your future.  It will be stressful and you may struggle to have enough time to finish it.  It only makes sense to use all of the tools you have at your disposal to make it as easy as possible. This includes being prepared to use the Windows based calculator.

Written by
Cornelius Fichtner, PMP
The PM Prepcast

Sunday, October 21, 2012

The terms leads and lags ,PMP exam prep

The terms leads and lags are used to identify and control the timing of various activities within the project. It is important to accurately document leads and lags.

Lead Time: Let's assume a project has two pieces that need to be completed at the same time. Work package A will take 4 weeks to complete, but work package B only takes one week. B would show in the project plan as a finish to start (FS) with a one week lead. This means the B work package component should start one week before A is scheduled to be completed.

Lag Time : Lag time can best be described as a planned or forced delay. A great example of this is a construction project that involves pouring concrete. The project plan must include a lag time of 2 days for the concrete to dry before the next phase can begin.

Hammock Activity: Hammock activity is also frequently referred to as summary activity. These are activities that are roughly related and are reported as a single activity. Some times the relationship between the activities is clear, other times they may only be related because their completion leads to the same result. On a gantt chart a hammock activity is usually displayed as a thick black bar above a grouping of lower level activities.

Written by
Cornelius Fichtner, PMP

Monday, October 1, 2012

PMP Exam Flashcards

Flashcards are a wonderful study aid, but sometimes determining what you need to study and include on a flashcard can be a bit confusing, if not overwhelming. So, let’s take a look at what should be included on your PMP ExamFlashcards:

The Five Project Management Process Groups
The Nine Project Management Knowledge Areas
The Forty-Two Project Management Processes
Definition of a Project
Role of a Project Manager
Project, Program, Portfolio Management Relationships
Purpose of the PMBOK® Guide
Enterprise Environmental Factors
Organizational Process Assets
Organizational Structures
Project Life Cycle
Motivational Behavior Theories
Triple Constraint
Communication Channel Formula
Stages of Team Development
Work Breakdown Structure
PERT Definition and Formula
Precedence Diagramming Method (PDM)
PDM Dependencies
Earned Value Formulas
Variance Formulas
Performance Formulas
Forecasting Formulas
Standard Deviation
Much More….

Identifying what you should study for the PMP Exam and creating flashcards yourself can be time consuming and stressful task. What if you forget an important fact, formula, or definition? What if while making the flashcards you mix up the information and your cards are incorrect, resulting in you studying the incorrect information?

One way to take off some of the stress of creating your own flashcards is to go to and purchase readymade PMP Flashcards which contain all of the information above and more. Even better... if you have a smartphone (iPhone/Android) then you can download the cards to your phone and easily carry them with you wherever you go.

Written by Cornelius Fichtner

Thursday, September 6, 2012

The Short Guide to Becoming a PMP

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Monday, August 6, 2012

PMP Exam Tip: Cost of Conformance.

Cost of Conformance.
There are two separate components within Cost of Quality (COQ) and you must have a complete understanding of both of them for your PMP Exam. One is the Cost of Non-conformance, which is the money (and time) that will be spent due to the failure of a deliverable from your project. The other is the Cost of Conformance. This is the figure that is determined to be necessary to avoid those failures in the first place.

There are two categories within the Cost of Conformance. The prevention costs are those associated with building a quality product or service so that any errors are within the range that is considered acceptable. These usually include the elements of training and equipment. Also included in this category is the time and effort required to fully document processes and to do things the right way.

The other category within the Cost of Conformance is the appraisal costs. These are the costs associated with determining the level of quality to ensure it meets the required standards. Appraisal costs include things like inspections and various types of testing that are then evaluated to ensure the quality expectations are being met.

Friday, July 27, 2012

The difference between a planning package and a work package-PMP Exam Prep

Many PMP students have trouble understanding the difference between a planning package and a work package. Let’s turn first to the PMBOK® Guide to clear up any confusion:

Planning Package = A work breakdown structure component below the control account with known work content but without detailed schedule activities (see also control account; control account [Tool] = A management control point where scope, budget (resource plans), actual cost, and schedule are integrated and compared to earned value for performance measurement)

Work Package = A deliverable or project work component at the lowest level of each branch of the work breakdown structure.

All clear? I thought so. Let’s try this…a planning package is created to describe or “hold” work that will be completed in the future. It is larger and more general than a work package in terms of time, scope, and budget. Although it lacks the detail of a work package, a planning package is still associated with specific project work scope. A planning package includes work that will be completed; it just hasn’t been scheduled or put on anyone’s plate yet.

A planning package may be converted to a work package when the lowest-level details of the work are defined, budgeted, and scheduled. Individual work packages are the building blocks of all project deliverables and form the basis by which the project is monitored, measured, and assessed. In sum, a planning package stores future work until the work can be broken down into specific tasks and assigned to actual resources, when it becomes part of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) in the form of work breakdown packages.

Written by:
Cornelius Fichtner, PMP.

President, OSP International LLC

Thursday, June 7, 2012

Manage The Time During Your PMP Exam

One important recommendation I have for those taking the PMP Exam is that to manage the time allotted to answer each question on the exam. Call it budgeting, call it time management, call it whatever you want; but do it! You need to walk into the examination room with a clear plan on how many questions you will answer per hour, when you plan on taking a break, and what you will do if time seems to be running out.

Remember that the exam is composed of 200 questions that you must answer within 4 hours. That's 1.2 minutes per question. Once you begin, the clock starts and will not stop even when you take a break. So plan your approach - say for the first 2 hours, answer all easy questions first and mark those difficult ones for later. Be sure to read all the questions carefully and understand them before you answer. Then take a 10 minute break before going back to the harder questions for the rest of the allotted time. By doing this you will be able to finish the whole exam on time.

But that's just one of many possible approaches and you should define your own. And by having a plan and implementing it you will relieve a lot of the exam pressure. So plan well, and budget your time wisely to succeed.

Until next time,
Cornelius Fichtner, PMP
President, OSP International LLC

Thursday, May 31, 2012

Decomposition and work breakdown structure

Decomposition” and “work breakdown” are probably not the first words you want to hear with respect to the project you’re managing. However, Decomposition is perhaps the most important technique to understand when it comes to the Scope Management section of the PMP exam. Decomposition involves breaking down the overall project workload into smaller, more manageable tasks. These tasks can subsequently be broken down into smaller tasks until each piece of work can be prioritized, assigned to resources, and tracked in the form of a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). The idea is to move from large, general deliverables to the specific work packages and tasks that make up each deliverable. In essence, you’re carving up the individual puzzle pieces that make up the puzzle as a whole.

PMI places great importance on Decomposition—you’ll need to know the technique and understand how it is applied to projects. So, what better way to learn about Decomposition than by jumping feet first into the fire (surely there’s joke there…decomposition – fire…but, I digress)! Anyway, why not give it a try on one of your current projects? Apply what you’re studying in real life! Here’s how to get started:

  1. Determine your main project deliverables
  2. Create a high-level Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) by ‘chunking’ work into smaller tasks
  3. Continue to break down high-level tasks into smaller tasks
  4. Create a system for tracking each task
  5. Verify that the resulting tasks are manageable
Just one word of caution: Make sure that you’re not spending more time ‘decomposing,’ tracking, and managing tasks than it would take to simply get the work done. Your job is to simplify—not to create more work!

Thursday, April 26, 2012

Tornado Diagram-PMP Exam Tips

One of the more obscure terms that you need to know for the PMP Exam is the "Tornado Diagram". Basically, the tornado diagram is a typical display format of the sensitivity analysis.
Let's look at this in more detail.

A Tornado diagram, also called tornado plot or tornado chart, is a special type of Bar chart, where the data categories are listed vertically instead of the standard horizontal presentation, and the categories are ordered so that the largest bar appears at the top of the chart, the second largest appears second from the top, and so on. They are so named because the final chart appears to be one half of a tornado. This diagram is useful for sensitivity analysis - comparing the relative importance of variables. For example, if you need to visually compare 100 budgetary items, and identify the largest ten items, it would be nearly impossible to do using a standard bar graph. However, in a tornado diagram of the budget items, the top ten bars would represent the top ten largest items.

This is applicable to wide range of project domains – Financial, Constructions, Software, Sales, Services, etc. Tornado diagram can be used for analyzing sensitivity in other project constraint (cost, time, quality and risk) objectives also. The longer the bar the greater the sensitivity of the project objective to the factor. The factor that have the greatest impact is located at the top, and the bar ends indicate the low and high value of the factor. It assists the project manager in focusing on the most critical variable of the project, sort and prioritize the variable according to their impact on the project objective, realize how much the value of the project is impacted by the uncertainties of the project, and decide where you need to invest any additional efforts.

You can find the Tornado Diagram in the PMBOK Guide 4th Edition starting in section as part of the sensitivity analysis.

Until next time,
Cornelius Fichtner, PMP

Monday, April 16, 2012

Understanding The PDU Category Structure And Policies

By Cornelius Fichtner, PMP

If you are a certified Project Management Professional (PMP)®, then you know that the acronym PDU stands for Professional Development Unit. Every PMP needs to earn 60 PDUs every 3 years in order to keep his or her certification. Why? The idea behind PDUs is simple: the Project Management Institute (PMI) wants every PMP to continuously learn. Just like doctors or pilots who have to take classes regularly and practice new skills in order to keep their license, PMI wants credential holders to learn new project management skills so that we can be the best project managers possible.

This article is based on an interview with Rory McCorkle, Product Manager Credentials, from PMI, and you can listen to the full interview for free at The Project Management Podcast website:

The rules around PDUs changed in March 2011, but many people are still confused about the new structure. Let's look at the main changes.

One hour equals one PDU

When Rory and his team were benchmarking PMI against other organizations, they realized that it would be useful to standardize the amount of PDUs individuals get for the time they spend on activities. "We're truly global and dealing with a global audience has challenges," he said. "That was something we found an important learning: regardless of whether you are sitting in a classroom, giving a presentation or volunteering, we have rewarded you appropriately for the investment of your time and what you were getting out of that."

As a result, nearly all activities are now credited on the basis of one hour of activity equaling one PDU.

PDU divisions and categories

The old system had 18 different PDU categories - not including the sub-categories. The new system divides PMI PDUs into two broad areas: education and giving back to the profession. This makes it much easier to understand, but there was another reason for the change too. "The other important thing division enabled us to do was to ensure that through their recertification cycle every practitioner had at least some hours in the education area," Rory said. "That gave us the assurance that everyone would continue to invest in their lifelong learning."

In the new structure both divisions have 3 categories.

The Education division

Category A: Courses offered by a PMI Registered Education Provider (REP), Chapters or Communities. "Most of these activities are stored in the Continuing Certification Requirements System already," said Rory, "so all you need to claim them is simply to enter that activity number and demonstrate that you were there if you're audited."

Category B: Continuing Education. This covers any training that you undertake at a college, university, or with any other training provider that is not a REP. Training in your workplace counts as Category B too. Rory advises that you keep proof of attendance in case you are audited. "That could be a certificate of completion," he said.

Category C: Self-directed Learning. "This is really a great place for folks to be able to get learning that you don't have to go to a classroom for," Rory said. "It captures a lot of the things that I hope certainly that professionals are doing, if not on a daily basis, certainly monthly". This includes being mentored, webinars, podcasts, reading and so on. You can only claim a maximum of 30 PDUs in this category.

The Giving Back to the Profession division

This division has a maximum of 45 PDUs. Any PDUs earned in the following 3 categories counts towards this cap.

Category D: Creating New Project Management Knowledge. "This is a whole number of different things that all are looking to create, develop, expand and communicate new project management knowledge or perhaps augment existing knowledge that might be out there in the field," Rory said. It ranges from authoring a textbook to giving a presentation at your Chapter dinner about a topical issue in project management, and can include writing articles. "At PMI we have a lot of publications that you can get knowledge pieces produced in," Rory said.

Category E: Volunteer Service. You don't have to be a PMI Chapter officer to claim these PDUs. "This can be volunteer service for any project management organization," explained Rory. "We know there are other project management organizations out there. They do have to be non-profit in order to count here, so volunteering for your company isn't going to count because that could be your job." Another opportunity to earn PMP PDUs in this category is by providing project management services to non-profit organizations.

Category F: Working as a Professional in Project Management. This is the only one of the 6 categories where the "1 hour of service equals 1 PDU" rule doesn't apply. "This is essentially an amount we give for working as a professional project manager," Rory said. "As on your original application for your certification, we recognize experience as part of the eligibility requirements." As long as you work a minimum of 6 months within the 12 month period you can claim the PDUs relevant to your credential.

Learning more

"I'd encourage folks to look at the handbook for their certification," said Rory. There is no longer a separate handbook just for continuing certification requirements, as the rules are embedded in the handbook for your credential. While the new guidelines are much clearer than the old system, Rory recommends asking for help if you are unsure.

"I would encourage folks if they have a question about specific activity to reach out to Customer Care," he said. "We'll make sure we get an answer for you because the categories can encompass a lot and sometimes can be a little confusing as to what counts and what might not."

Earn PDUs regularly
Why not get started on your PDUs now via a subscription and get your PDUs regularly? The PDU Podcast ( is a convenient way for you to earn unlimited PDUs in Category A, and you don't have to go to a classroom. Get project management webinars delivered to your portable player like an iPod, Android phone or Blackberry and earn at least 1 PDU every month, which is a really convenient way for PMPs to earn PDUs for your renewal.

About the author: Cornelius Fichtner, PMP is a noted PMP expert. He has helped over 16,000 students prepare for the PMP exam with The Project Management PrepCast and he is the host of The PDU Podcast.

Saturday, March 31, 2012

Learn everything about PMP Exam...Great Video

In this 1 hour long webinar Cornelius Fichtner, PMP answers dozens of questions about the PMP Exam. In particular he looks at:
  • What topics are on the PMP exam and how many questions per topic?
  • Did the PMP Exam recently change?
  • Is the PMP exam based on PMBOK® Guide 4th or 5th Edition?
  • What is the PMP Exam passing score
  • Where can I find good PMP Exam sample questions?
  • How do I know that I'm ready to take the PMP exam?
  • What is the best way of studying for the PMP Exam?
  • What goes on a PMP Exam "brain dump" sheet?
  • And many more live questions asked by the audience during the webinar

Watch this video to learn more:

Check out the best PMP exam preparation study materials and resources.

PMLEAD.NET your ultimate PMP exam preparation resource.

Sunday, March 18, 2012

Model of Team Development

Tuckman's Model of Team Development 

Model of team development and behaviour advanced by Dr. Bruce Tuckman in 1965 to which he later added a fifth stage of Adjourning in the 1970s. The model explains that as the team matures through these stages, the leadership style of the project manager will, and indeed must, also change. Beginning with a directing style, moving through coaching, then participating, and finishing the project delegating and almost detached. At this point the team may produce a successor leader and the previous leader can move on to develop a new team.

The progression is:

  • Forming
  • Storming
  • Norming
  • Performing
  • Adjourning


Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Answering Situational questions in PMP Exam

Step by Step Guide to Answering Situational questions in PMP Exam by Bheema Prakash, PMP

If you are preparing for the PMP certification and you have taken some practice exams already you know what situational questions are. Everyone will agree that situational questions in the PMP exam are by far the most confusing ones. These describe a situation and expect you to pick the right course of action described in the answers. These questions are normally lengthy and may contain a lot of information including irrelevant stuff. In addition, you may find multiple correct answers where you are challenged to pick one answer. The answers could be lengthy and confusing also.

Unless you are prepared to analyze the question and answers in a systematic manner, there is a good chance of getting these questions wrong. A "correct" answer may not be the "right" answer!

The purpose of this article is to provide a step by step guide to approach these questions and arrive at the right answer. In a later section I take a real situational question from a PMP sample question collection and walk through the process of arriving at the answer.
When you find a situational question in the PMP exam, follow these steps in this order to arrive at the right answer. Not all the steps may be relevant for all questions. But you can apply the relevant steps by reading the questions.

Step 1: Filter irrelevant information and capture the gist of the question: Lot of times only certain parts in the question are relevant and rest is just noise. It is important to eliminate them and understand exactly what the question is asking for.

Step 2: Read all the answers:
You must read ALL the answers provided. Some people have a tendency to just stop and pick the fist answer they found correct. For situational questions there could be more than one correct answer and you have to pick the best answer.

Step 3: Rule out obviously wrong answers: This is where the filtering process begins. While reading the answers you will find that some of the answers are obviously wrong. You first eliminate them.

Step 4: Shortlist potential correct answers: By eliminating the obviously wrong answers you will end up with potential correct answers.

Step 5: Apply each answer to the context: Try to apply each potential correct answer to the context. Meaning, an answer may be correct. But, does it satisfy ALL the conditions mentioned in the question? Based on that, eliminate any answer that is out of context.

Step 6: Compare the actions against the processes and knowledge areas: The PMBOK guide explains in detail, different ITTOs attached to the knowledge areas and their sequence. Compare the question and the answers against them and see if an answer is in line with those ITTOs. If not, eliminate that answer.

Step 7: Look at specific terms such as BEST, NEXT, NOT, EXCEPT and LAST used in the question: This is really important! In most cases this becomes the deciding factor while picking the final right answer. Pay extra attention to these keywords. For a specific problem, question may be asking for the NEXT action and there could be multiple actions listed in the answer section. Then you have to pick the NEXT action applicable to the situation described in the question.
Let us take an example situational question and follow through these steps to arrive at the final answer. That will make these steps much clearer.

Thursday, February 23, 2012

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ESI Announces Top 10 Project Management Trends for 2012

Collaboration Gains Importance as Project Complexity Grows

1. Programme management will gain momentum, but resources remain in short supply

Increasingly, large initiatives undertaken by corporations and government agencies are being recognised for what they are and aren't: namely programmes, not projects, which require a highly advanced set of skills supported by appropriate tools and methods to successfully execute. Yet many organisations struggle to find the right people and lack the management practices necessary to ensure success. In 2012, we will see more investments made in competency models, training, methodology development, tool use, and career pathing to ensure that professionals who carry the title Programme Manager are fit for the role.

2. Collaboration software solutions will become an essential business tool for project teams

The proliferation of collaborative software in the project environment such as SharePoint® is going to intensify in 2012. Fuelled by increasingly complex and virtual projects as well as tightened budgets, today's environment demands a more efficient way to manage communication and workflow. Collaboration is central to project management and having a site which allows project artifacts to be created, shared and distributed within a repository that provides Web-based access and critical functions such as automatic distribution and notification, version control, and user authentication, greatly enhances productivity.  

Monday, February 6, 2012

Steps To Recover From a PMP Exam Fail

by Josh Nankivel
I get to help people with all kinds of questions about their project management careers, and I absolutely love doing it.
I offer and recommend training to teach general project management knowledge, career coaching, and to help with things like PMP certification.

But what happens if you fail the PMP exam? It's Not All Puppy Dogs And Rainbows

I've noticed a higher number of people than usual contacting me who have failed the PMP exam, asking what to do next.

My guess is that more people rushed to take the exam before the August PMP exam changes, even though I advised not to.

And they weren't ready for it.

It can be a devastating blow to your ego anytime you fail at something. So let me give some tips about dealing with it, and moving forward.

Step 1 - Mindset

First, stop beating yourself up about it. It's probably a good idea to take a break from studying for a bit too and give yourself some space and time to get your head right.

I'm a big believer that we learn the most when we fail, if we have the right mindset about failure. If you failed at nothing, would you ever have succeed at anything?

In fact, I think it's healthy to view failure as something you should expect to do now and then. Sure, try to avoid it if you can.

But it's no good beating yourself up about it once it's happened.

Pick yourself up and move forward with your new insights.

Focus on lessons learned and trying to objectively assess what you could have done better...more specifically, what you will do better next time.

This is where the next step comes in, assessment.

Step 2 - Assess

Once you are approaching this from the right perspective, it's time to ask yourself some tough (but very useful) questions.

Memorization vs Understanding
Do you feel like you truly understand the concepts and find them easy to recall; or do you feel like what you are doing is mostly memorization?

When you were studying and listening to
The PrepCast, etc. - did you find yourself asking questions like "but what does that really mean" or "I don't understand, I need an example?" - I feel you should have these types of questions popping up all the time while studying... and then take the time to go answer those questions for yourself.

I think you'll find that once you allow yourself to ask questions about anything and everything you are uncertain about, after you are finished answering them you'll feel you REALLY know and fully understand the content.

When you get to that point, passing the exam is easy - because now you are pursuing mastery, not merely a passing score. Did you struggle with particular areas, or in general?

Be honest. Did you just not get risk management at all, or need a better grasp on the concepts in general? What do you feel your primary areas to work on are?

Was your preparation sufficient?

Describe in detail what you have been doing so far to have you been using the materials? How confident were you in your knowledge (true understanding of the concepts) and how did you ensure your confidence was warranted? Don't make this a question about how much money you spent - I've seen people spend thousands and get nothing out of it, while others spent less than a few hundred and were fully prepared for mastery, not just passing.
Is English your native language?

I have heard that for people who have English as a second language, the test can be difficult even if you understand the content very well. If you feel that a language barrier was the primary reason why you struggled with the exam, try to explore what exactly was tripping you up about the language.

Are you just not good at taking tests?

Some people are just better at taking tests than others. It's true. And the questions in the PMP exam can be confusing, even 'trick' questions. You can do things to get better at taking tests though. For example, during the exam get up and take short breaks often. Especially for those of us who get mondo-stressed about taking any kind of test, sitting still for hours is just not conducive to performing well.

Step 3 - Plan Your Comeback

Once you have forgiven yourself for failing and seen it as a way to learn and grow, and you've assessed what you can do better going forward it's time to make a plan.

It's going to depend completely on your assessment. Do you need more (or better) study materials? Do you need to focus on a particular area? Perhaps you just need to try again, with a focus on mastery instead of memorization.

Whatever it is, make a plan. Write it down in concrete terms. Schedule your new exam date, even if it's far out in the future.

Step 4 - Execute

Now you are approaching the PMP exam with a whole new outlook.

If you don't feel like something significant has changed in your approach and understanding of how to prepare for the exam, stop. You've done something wrong.

Don't use the same approach and mindset you did last time. That's the definition of insanity.

If your assessment didn't come back with some actionable things you can do differently, you were not being honest with yourself. Go back to step 2, or even step 1 if you haven't forgiven yourself yet.

Monday, January 16, 2012

Be Prepared for the PMP Certification Exam

Be Prepared for the PMP Certification Exam
by John P. Reiling

Whatever may be your reason in taking the Project Management Certification Exam, you are required to answer it within four hours. Some of you might think it is just for fun but do not take this test lightly. This exam is a difficult exam and you should be serious about it. And if you pass this test, this will open doors of great job opportunities for you.

To get greater chances in passing the test:
  • Take PMP examination training lessons. These lessons are sort of reviews. You must first study all about the project management. Usually, individuals who chose to take this certification exam should have some managerial skills. If you still haven't gotten one, better hurry because the more you'll delay, the more competitive it would come. And the great thing is you are not required to have a degree in college to qualify to take the exam. Just acquire every requirement and you will be able to take the exam.
  • Mock Exam Questionnaires. If you want to experience the environment during the exam first, you could use these sample questions. With this, practice answering all of them within 4 hours and evaluate yourself where you are strong and weak. Polish those weaknesses until they became your strong point during the test. After the PMP training, apply what you have learned with this exercise. If you are able to pass this mock test, you will surely feel confident that you will pass the actual examination. And if ever you pass the test, a lot of great employers will directly employ you and because you are certified, you will receive a great deal of pay. But before thinking about these benefits, focus first on how to pass this difficult exam.
  • PMP Prep Course. If you desire to pass, you should attend a PMP prep course. This program will help you in enhancing your PMP skills and widen up your knowledge about project management and how to apply them especially that the exam is usually situational problems. Aside from preparing for the exam, these lessons will also be applied after this test, during your actual exposure with project tasks and leading project teams.

PMP Training offers Project Management Professionals a proper application of the knowledge they taught to them and mold them into an expert in project management. They will help you prepare on how to pass the PMP exam. The Project Management Institute (PMI) who made this examination has a goal in creating experts in Project Management that is able to meet the criteria measures worldwide.

Before taking a PMP Prep Course, you need to choose an institution that is approved by the PMI. These institutions meet the PMI standard so you can be sure that they will teach you everything you need to know and you won't be wasting your time and money for nothing. They can be both online or offline.

If you choose online, it will be more convenient because you are going to take the course from the comforts of your own home. The PMP materials can be downloaded so there's not much hassle.

In choosing offline or in-person lectures, you will experience a classroom setting, communicating with other applicants and the PMP instructor personally. This is also good but the problem is the PMP materials will be more expensive than those that can be downloaded.
John Reiling, PMP, PE, MBA is an experienced Project Manager and certified Project Management Professional. John provides PMP certification questions. John also writes regularly in his blog, Article Source:

Friday, January 13, 2012

PMP Exam Questions Types

The types of questions that you can expect to see on the exam:

Scenario-based questions will describe some kind of a scenario or event in a project and follow up with a question about it.

Formula-based questions will give you a mathematical problem to which you need to apply the appropriate formula.

Inputs, Tools & Techniques, and Outputs-based questions will ask you to identify the one answer which fits (or doesn't fit) with the others.

Definition-based questions will ask you to select the correct definition for a term.
It is quite normal that all four of the answers look correct. It is your challenge to select the best one.

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Thursday, January 12, 2012

Prepare for the PMP Exam by Taking Sample Exams

One of the most important activities for your PMP Exam Prep is to take mock exams. Be sure that you do this only after reading the PMBOK Guide at least once. Also remember that failing mock quizzes does not mean you will fail the PMP exam. Online sample exams should be used as a progress indicator in your preparation. Nothing more.

Most students tell me that they repeated their sample exams again and again until they were satisfied with the results. There is a danger in that approach: when you take the same sample exam again and again you will start to remember the questions. You will remember that you answered B in your last attempt, and that the correct answer is C. This means your result will improve every time you repeat the same sample exam.

But on the PMP Exam you only have one chance!

So my recommendation is this: Sign up for an online PMP Exam simulator. This simulator will cost you some additional money, but their two major benefits are that they offer a large number of questions & quizzes that you can take (no repetition!) and they allow you to test yourself in an environment that closely resembles the actual PMP Exam.

Therefore, go beyond searching for free PMP Exam questions on the internet and use the professional tools that are available to you.

Check out this great PMP exam simulator

This article is part of  Prepcast emails series written by Cornelius Fichtner, PMP
President, OSP International LLC 

Sunday, January 8, 2012

PMP Exam-A few good study activities:

Get your PMP certificate:

One of the more important steps in preparing for the PMP exam is to schedule you exam date as soon as you meet all the eligibility requirements. This will give you a specific date toward which you can work.

A few good study activities:

  • Read the PMBOK twice. You can’t just memorize the PMBOK and pass
    the exam. You must understand how each of the Pod MBOK’s processes, along with
    their inputs, outputs, and tools and techniques would be applied in real live
    project situations.
  • · Read the PMI Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, understand
    it very well.
  • Depend on other resource like Rita’s ”PMP exam Prep”.
  • Solve PMP exam questions as much as you can.
  • Discuss project management topics with others


Print out the application section of the PMP or CAPM Credential Handbook. Read through the applications and make sure that you understand what is required.

As soon as you feel comfortable you can go online and fill in the application. The good thing is that you don't have to do it all at once while you are online. You can save the application and come back at a later date.

Email me at if you have any question regards PMP exam

5 reasons why to use an PMP exam simulator

Here are 5 reasons why an exam simulator should be an essential part of your preparation for the exam.

Reason #1: You can practice under test conditions

Taking computer-based exams is a relatively new thing, and it is probably not how you took exams at school. A PMP exam simulator will give you the opportunity to practice with the computer-based format before you have to take the real thing. You can have a go at a sample exam at home or at work and this will make sure that you know what to expect on your exam day. Use a simulator to get acquainted with the simulated testing environment and all the features that it offers, like the ability to mark questions for review.

Reason #2: You can experience a 4 hour exam
Under exam conditions you will have 4 hours to answer 200 questions for the PMP exam. Four hours is a long time to sit in front of a computer answering questions, so it is useful to have the experience of what this feels like before you take the real exam. A useful part of your PMP exam preparation is to take a full sample exam with a full set of 200 questions. You can use this practice time to test your time management skills. Check that you have enough time to complete all the questions, and that there is still enough time left to go back and check any that you have marked for review. This will give you the confidence to know that you will be able to make it through all the material during the actual exam.

Reason #3: It helps build self-confidence

You would never take a driving test without having driven a car, would you? It's the same thing with other types of exam. The more practice you have at the format of the exam and the content of the questions, the more confidence you will have that you will be able to take the real PMP exam and pass successfully. Using a PMP exam simulator gives you the opportunity to review your learning and check your abilities. Once you have tried several sample exams in full exam mode, you will know what to expect and have the self-confidence you need to tackle the PMP exam head on.

Reason #4: It enables you to check your learning

Using an exam simulator is, of course, not the only test preparation that you will do for the PMP exam. You might have chosen an online course, books or maybe even a classroom-based course to supplement your own reading and study for the exam. An exam simulator provides the advantage of verifying that you are able to apply your PM own experience and the concepts you have studied to realistic exam questions. In other words, you are checking that you can translate the theories and ideas you have learned into a good chance of success in the exam. Becoming a PMP, however, is about more than just passing the exam: you should be able to apply the concepts to the project you manage at work too. But a simulator will give you a chance to check that you have understood those concepts accurately.

In addition, using a simulator will expose you to a variety of scenario-based project management questions, and understanding these short scenarios and being able to apply personal experience and the concepts of the PMBOK Guide is what the exam tests.

Reason #5: It fits around your schedule

Don't let a busy scheduled be an excuse for not spending time studying for your PMP exam. An exam simulator is a great solution for busy project managers. PMP exam simulators are available either to download and install on your PC, or they are available online. If you are often traveling or want to make use of downtime, choose a simulator that is accessible online from anywhere and you can use those moments stuck at airports or between meetings to fit in some study.

Preparing for any exam requires you to dedicate time to studying. The PMP exam is no different, and you can increase your chances of success by preparing thoroughly and using a PMP exam simulator. This will give you exposure to the format of the exam questions, experience of a full practice exam and working under test conditions to complete it, and the opportunity to build your self-confidence before you take the real PMP exam.

This article was written by
Cornelius Fichtner, PMP
President, OSP International LLC

Wednesday, January 4, 2012


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